Note: Greenwood is a reference to Greenwood Avenue, the main thoroughfare in what was known as the Black Wall Street, located in the African American section of Tulsa, Oklahoma. In the early 1900s, Black Wall Street was very prosperous and was one of the most affluent all-Black communities in the U.S. The 36 block business district included 600 businesses and 15,000 African Americans. The businesses included “21 churches, 21 restaurants, 30 grocery stores and two movie theaters, plus a hospital, a bank, a post office, libraries, schools, law offices, a half dozen private airplanes and a bus system.”
On June 1, 1921, Black Wall Street “was bombed from the air and burned to the ground by mobs of envious whites. In a period spanning fewer than 12 hours, a once thriving 36-Black business district in northern Tulsa lay smoldering–a model community destroyed, and a major African-American economic movement resoundingly defused.” Three thousand African Americans were killed. See Black Wall Street: The True Story for more details.
Black Wall Street in Tulsa, Oklahoma, after being attacked and bombed by racist white mobs on June 1, 1921.
by Diane Bukowski, Voice of Detroit, February 27, 2014
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